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Zurich: The City In The Alps

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Zurich

Overview

 

The Earliest known settlements in the Zurich region date back to the 5th century BC. The city has its historical roots in the Roman conquest of The Alps. A military base called Lidenhof was built in 15BC; it was a main transit point for this region of the empire. Roman rule ended in about 400 AD and for the next few centuries there is no definite record of (more…)

Varna: The Sea Capital Of Bulgaria

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Varna

Overview

 

The earliest known evidence of human settlement in Varna date back to over 100,000 years ago, the earliest evidence of civilisation is presented by ancient Thracian tombstones dated to about 6000 years ago. Some of the oldest known golden objects on the Planet come from these ancient sites. For the next 5000 years so the city was settled by the Thracians (more…)

Minsk

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Minsk

Overview

 

The city of Minsk was first recognised in the year 1067 and is thought to have grown out of a cluster of villages of at least two centuries old. The name “Minsk” is steeped in a mixture of legend and geography. The original settlement was located on the River Menka, southwest of modern Minsk. The city of Minsk only escaped Mongol invasion around 1237-39 by (more…)

Florence: The City of Piazzas

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Florence

Overview

 

The area we know as Florence was settled as early as 3000 years ago, by a tribe called the Etruscans, about whom we know very little. We do know that Etruscan civilisation along with all others in the Italian mainland were subjugated or in direct conflict with by an emergent Rome by the 3rd century BC. In 59 BC Julius Caesar established the garrison town of (more…)

Dublin

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Dublin

Overview

 

The earliest known settlements in the region we now call Dublin date back approximately 2000 years. In the mid-8th century the Vikings attacked and permanently settled the region and the city we now call Dublin became the largest settlement in the Viking Empire. Its strategic location enabling it to flourish as the city traded from what is now Iceland to what is (more…)

Edinburgh

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Edinburgh

History

 

Edinburgh can boast a history which stretches back to at least the Bronze Age. The iconic peak of Arthurs Seat is probably one of the oldest settlement sites in Scotland. In the 12th century King David 1 founded the city of royal burgh and by the 14th century it was recognised as the capital of Scotland. During the reign of King James III (1451-88) it was (more…)

Kiev: The City On The Dnieper

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Kiev

Overview

 

The earliest confirmed human settlements in the region of modern Kiev date back to approximately 30,000 years ago, the late Palaeolithic. The city itself is historically recognised to have been founded in the years between 5th and 6th century AD. Situated on the right bank of the River Dnieper Kiev was originally a fortified settlement which protected residents (more…)

Madrid: A 1200 Year City

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Madrid

Overview

 

Way back on the 8th century AD a series of forts (remember the moors and Christians were in the midst of a ferocious and bloody centuries long war), were constructed across what is now central Spain. One of these was constructed by the Emir of Cordoba on the site that later became the city of Madrid, which is derived from the Arabic name Mayrit, which means water channel. (more…)

Moscow: Once Is Not Enough

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Moscow

Overview

 

Since its inception in 1147 the Russian capital has arguably been the centre piece of the country’s history. Today Moscow is the social, economic and political centre of the Russian Federation. Covering an area of 386 square miles (880 km2) the Russian capital is home to approximately 8-10 million people and since medieval times the city has been (more…)

Prague: A City Which Really Does Have Everything!

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Prague

Overview

 

Situated in the heart of Eastern Europe and capital of the Czech Republic Prague was established on the back of trade routes which traversed the River Vltava, coalescing into settlements dating back to Neolithic times. Prague is definitely an example of Old Europe. The city proper was established over 1000 years ago, the oldest building in the city is hrad (more…)